Pears originate from Asia and Europe. These fruits are rich in minerals, vitamins and fiber. They are very healthy fruits because they barely contain any calories. The fruit is very low in fat and cholesterol, and is a great source of calcium and potassium.
Moreover, pear trees make for excellent trees for your orchard. They don’t attract many pests and bloom greatly in the spring season. There are different types of pear trees, and you should carefully choose among them based on your personal preferences and their respective pros and cons.
Types Of Pear Trees And Their Features
- European Pears: These pear trees have the scientific name Pyrus communis and included in this section are many well known types of pear trees such as Bartlett, Bosc and D’Anjou.
- The fruits produced by these trees are harvested and sold before ripening. The fruits ripen easily in your kitchen and become soft and juicy.
- The downside of these pears is however that can bedisease susceptible. Fire Blight is the disease that could wreck these trees’ branches and twigs. It is so dreadful that it could kill the whole tree if left untreated. The disease is fueled by humid conditions and thus, if you live in humid areas, you should not consider buying these types of pear trees.
- Oriental Hybrid Pears: Warren, Moonglow and Kieffer as some of the many types of pear trees that come under this category.
- In comparison to European trees, they are more resistant to fire blight. Also, the fruit is gritty. This may not be liked for fresh consumption though. It is more suited for canning.
- The trees may be grown in humid areas and alkaline soils.
- These are the most commonly grown trees in Texas and Arkansas.
- Asian Pears: Pyrus pyrifolia or Asian pears are very apple-like.
- They have the same crisp texture as apples and are thus also dubbed as ‘apple pears’.
- They are a little more resistant to Fire Blight than European Pears but these types of pear trees grow under the same conditions as their European relatives.
- The fruits of these trees ripen on the tree itself and stay firm so that they can be stored for long.
- Shinko and Housi are two varieties that are recommended for household gardens.
- Ornamental Pears (Pyrus sps.): These types of pear trees don’t bear any fruit. During spring season though, they bear flowers.
- The Bradford pear tree or the Pyrus calleryana Bradford is the most popular tree under this category.
- The trees are usually planted for the beautiful flowers that blossom during spring. The leaves are very glossy and attractive during the summers and turn red during autumn. Chanticleer is another type of ornamental pear tree.
You can choose the type of pear tree you want to plant based on where you live and your preferences. It is also important that you do research in proper tree maintenance to ensure that they will grow healthy and yield good fruits or bloom beautiful flowers as desired.
Read reviews on any product you plan to use for the tree to ensure you get the right results.